|JOB / INTERNSHIP|
|STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE MEDITERRANEAN - 2009|
|MEDITERRANEAN STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT|
The Blue Plan is a Regional Activity Centre (BP-RAC) of Mediterranean Action Plan, which is established under the aegis of United Nations Environment Programme.
The Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP)
|The 1972 United Nations conference on the Environment, held in Stockholm in 1972, mobilised governments and public opinion and created the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Three years later the Mediterranean countries and the European Community - the Contracting Parties - adopted in Barcelona a convention supplemented by a Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) under the auspices of the UNEP.|
Originally the MAP had three aspects:
The 1980s saw the creation of other specific regional activity centres and the development of MAPs activities on the coastal regions with its Coastal Area Management Programm. A co-ordination unit in Athens sees to the implementation of the whole. Today several countries host programmes and specialised regional activity centres (RAC):
At the 1992 Rio United Nations Conference on Environment and Development the concept of sustainable development was confirmed, and Agenda 21, in particular, was adopted. This international dynamic and the results of the previous Mediterranean work led to the development of an Agenda MED 21 in 1994 in Tunis, as well as to the revision of the MAP in Barcelona in 1995 (MAP II) and the decision in Montpellier in 1996 to establish a Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD).
The Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD)
The Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD) is a forum for dialogue and proposals where the Contracting Parties define a sustainable development strategy for the Mediterranean. As MAPs advisory organ, the MCSD is composed of both representatives of the Contracting Parties and Civil Society, i.e.:
Since its inception the MCSD has oriented its work around eight priorities:
Each subject is taken up by a work group run in general by two task managers (MCSD members) with technical support from MAP and the Regional Activity Centres, mainly the Blue Plan and the Priority Action Programme. Five subjects have already led to the adoption of recommendations: the sustainable management of the coastal regions, the management of water demand, tourism, indicators and awareness-raising. The Blue Plan together with the task managers in particular ran the work relating to water, the indicators, tourism, free trade and urban-rural relationship.
Work is ongoing on cooperation and financing and local governance.
In addition to "thematic" activities, the MCSD prepared a Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development (MSSD), which was adopted during the 14th Meeting of the Contracting Parties (Slovenia, November 2005).
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